is one of several vegetables in the species Brassica oleracea
, in the family Brassicaceae. It is an annual plant
that reproduces by seed. Typically, only the head (the white curd
) is eaten. The cauliflower head is composed of a white inflorescence
meristem. Cauliflower heads resemble those in broccoli
, which differs in having flower buds.
1 large cauliflower head broken into florets
1 tbsp coriander powder
1 tsp cumin seeds, toasted and crushed
1/2 tsp cayenne
2 red chillis minced ( can use serrano )
salt to taste
1/2 tsp turmeric powder
1/4 cup chopped cilantro leaves.
1 lime cut into wedges
Pinch of pepper powder or crushed pepper .
1 tbsp of peeled minced, ginger of about one inch.
2 tbsp cooking oil, neutral
Pre heat oven to 400 degrees F
Toss the cauliflower florets with half the oil and spread on a baking sheet. Roast until caramelized and tender.May take around 15 minutes.
Make smaller pieces of the florets.
In a small skillet take the remaining oil and add ginger, chillis,stirring them until nicely fragrant and then add the cumin, coriander, turmeric, cayenne, and pinch of salt.
Let the spices toast in oil, being careful not to burn, for at least one minute. Add cauliflower and toss well in spices. Cook for two more minutes, Adjust seasoning to taste with salt.
Stir in cilantro and serve with rice,and lime wedges.
Cauliflower contains several phytochemicals, common in the cabbage family
, that may be beneficial to human health.
- Sulforaphane, a compound released when cauliflower is chopped or chewed, may protect against cancer.
- Other glucosinolates
- Indole-3-carbinol, a chemical that enhances DNA repair, and acts as an estrogen antagonist, slowing the growth of cancer cells.
Boiling reduces the levels of these compounds, with losses of 20–30% after five minutes, 40–50% after ten minutes, and 75% after thirty minutes. However, other preparation methods, such as steaming
,microwaving, and stir frying
, have no significant effect on the compounds.
A high intake of cauliflower has been associated with reduced risk of aggressive prostate cancer.
Low carbohydrate dieters can use cauliflower as a reasonable substitute for potatoes or rice; while they can produce a similar texture, or mouth feel, they lack thestarch of the originals.
I prepared the typical Indian tempering of 1 /2 tsp of crackled mustard seeds, split udad dal also and poured it on the florets while roasting. This is not required however.