Chitra Pournami 2013 - Birthday of Chitragupta
Chitra Pournami or Chitirai Purnima
is a Tamil ceremony observed on the Poornima day (full moon day) in the Tamil
month of Chitirai (April – May). Chitra Pournami ritual commemorates
Chitragupta who according to the scripts is the assistant of Lord Yama, the God
of Death. The day is also dedicated to Indra, the head of Devas. It is on this
day that the star Chitra and full moon come together. Considered as Chitragupta’s Birthday, the Chitra
Pournami or Chitirai Poornima 2013 date is on 25th April 2013.
Chitragupta means collection of pictures. It is believed that Chitragupta
examines the good and
bad performances of the person. When
a person dies, his soul first goes to Lord Yama, where Chitragupta tallies the
deeds and report it to Yama. On this day, special poojas are conducted at
temples and people take bath in holy rivers and temple ponds to wash away the
Chitragupta Temple at Kanchipuram is the only one temple in South India
dedicated to Chitragupta. Thirukoteeswarar temple at Thirukodikaval, situated
on the Kumbakonam - Mayiladuthurai route, has separate shrines for Chitragupta
and Yama. In these temples, Chitra Pournami festival is celebrated in a grand
manner every year.
There is a legend associated with Chitra Poornima involving Lord Indra, the
king of Gods, and his Guru Brihaspati Lord Indra and Brihaspati once had an argument. As Indra failed to respect
Guru, he stopped advising Indra who started committing sins in the absence of
Guru. Days passed and Brihaspathi returned to his duty. He advised Indra for a
pilgrimage to the earth to lessen the burden of sins. During the pilgrimage,
Indra realized that he had been redeemed from the sins. He found a Shiva lingam
under a Kadamba tree and believed that Lord Shiva had helped him in relieving his sins. Following
this, he started worshipping him. He worshipped Lord Shiva with a golden lotus
which he found from a nearby pond.
This was believed to be happened on a Chitra Pournami day and the place was
Madurai in South India. Devendra puja is held during Chitra Pournami day in madurai Meenakshi Amman Koil commemorating the event.
Kann Kalikkumpadi kandukonden Kadambadaviyil
pann kalikkum kural veenaiyum kaiyum payodharamum
mann kalikkum pachai vannamum aghi mathangar kula
penngalil thondria emperumaatithan perazhage
(Abirami Andhadhi) soource Hindubrahmins.
Today also happens to be Hanuman Jayanti
Hanuman Jayanti or Hanumath Jayanti
is celebrated to commemorate the birth of Hanuman, the Vanara god, widely venerated throughout India
. It is celebrated on the 15th day of the Shukla Paksha
, during the month of Chaitra (the Chaitra Pournimaa
Hanuman is an ardent devotee of Lord Rama, and is worshipped for his unflinching devotion to the god. From early morning, devotees flock Hanuman temples to worship him.
Hanuman Jayanti is an important festival of Hindus. Hanuman is the symbol of strength and energy. Hanuman is said to be able to assume any form at will, wield rocks, move mountains, dart through the air, seize the clouds and rival Garuda in swiftness of flight. He is worshipped in folk tradition as a deity with magical powers and the ability to conquer evil spirits. The devotees visit temples and apply tilaka of sindhūr to their foreheads from Hanuman's idol as Hanuman himself was of that color. A few thousand years before Ramayan time (in the latter part of Tretayuga - 2 million years ago), several divine souls came to Earth and modified the bodies of ape like creatures through evolutionary methods (genetic mutation) so that the animals could play the role of vehicles for these divine souls. That's how Vanara race with reddish orange color (hues of deep orange and light red) was established before the Ramayan time. Hanuman was born in to this Vanara community and was in reddish orange color. So in all the Hanuman temples we see Hanuman colored in different hues of reddish orange color.
In Maharashtra and Karnataka, Hanuman Jayanti is celebrated on the full moon day (pūrnima) of the Hindu lunar month of Chaitra. A special feature of Hanuman Jayanti is that according to some religious almanacs (panchāngs) the birthday of Hanuman falls on the fourteenth day (chaturdashi) in the dark fortnight of the month of Ashvin while according to others it falls on the full moon day in the bright fortnight of Chaitra. On this day, in a Hanuman temple spiritual discourses are started at dawn. Hanuman was born at sunrise. At that time the spiritual discourse is stopped and the offering of food (Prasad) is distributed to everyone.
Spiritual discourses are organised in most of the Hindu temples on this day. Hanuman was the most powerful in the three people the Heaven people, the Hell people, and the Land people. All these Gods had blessed him when he was just a 1/2-year old child.
In the states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala, the Hanuman Jayanti is celebrated in the month of Margazhi (normally comes between Dec 15 and Jan 14). There it is believed that Hanuman or Anjaneya was born on Moola Nakshatra,on the new moon day (amavasya) in the month of Margazhi.
In Odisha, the Hanuman Jayanti is celebrated on the first day of Baisakha month as per Oriya calendar (normally comes on April 14 or 15). There it is also celebrated as new year for all Oriyas (i.e. Maha Vishuva Sankranti).In Andhra, Hanuman Jayanti is celebrated on the tenth day of bahula paksha or Krishna paksha in the month of Vaishaka....from WIKIPEDIA